What are the Best Anthropology Books 2022? Read for more information. Anthropology is a huge topic, encompassing elements of different areas in its methodologies and investigations, and consequently, there are hundreds and hundreds of journals and books available to read.
However, where to begin? If you consider taking up anthropology at a diploma level or are just interested in the subject, it may feel unsafe to determine where to begin studying.
Top Rated Best Books On Anthropology To Read
Below are the best works that Pennbook recommended reading:
Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies
by Jared Diamond
Diamond has recently written a novel of remarkable range… among the most important and readable works on the human last printed in the past couple of decades.
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize and a national bestseller: the global account of the rise of a civilization is also a stunning refutation of human development ideas based on race.
In this artful, informative, and delightful (William H. McNeill, New York Book Review) book, Jared Diamond convincingly argues that geographical and environmental factors shaped the contemporary world.
Societies that had a head start in food production advanced beyond the hunter gatherer stage and then developed writing, technology, government, and organized religion as well as nasty germs and potent weapons of war and adventure on sea and land to conquer and decimate preliterate cultures.
A significant advance in our comprehension of human societies, Guns, Germs, and Steel chronicles how the modern world came to be and stunningly dismantles racially based human history theories. This is one of the best cultural anthropology books to read.
Sapiens: A Short History of Humankind
by Yuval Noah Harari
One hundred thousand decades before, at least six individual species inhabited the ground. Now there’s one. Us. Homo sapiens.
How did our species triumph in the struggle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to make towns and kingdoms?
How can we come to think in gods, states, and individual rights; to trust cash, laws, and books; and be enslaved by bureaucracy, timetables, and consumerism? And what would our world be like in the millennia to come?
In Sapiens, Dr. Y.N.Harari crosses the whole of human history, from the very first people to walk the ground into the revolutionary and occasionally catastrophic discoveries of these Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific Revolutions.
Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, paleontology, and economics, he investigates how the currents of history have formed our societies, the plants, and creatures around us, and our characters.
Have we become more joyful as history has unfolded? Could we free our behavior from the legacy of our ancestors? And what, if anything, can we do to affect these centuries ahead?
Bold, wide ranging, and provocative, Sapiens challenges what we thought we understood about becoming human: our thoughts, our activities, our energy… and our potential.
Anthropology: Appreciating Human Diversity
by Conrad Phillip Kottak
This latest edition of Kottak’s best selling text for overall anthropology proceeds to give a holistic introduction to this subject that approaches the path from a four field perspective.
Lucy: The Beginnings of Humankind
by Donald C. Johanson, Maitland Armstrong Edey
When Donald Johanson discovered a partial skeleton, approximately 3.5 million years old, in a distant Ethiopia region in 1974, a headline making controversy premiered that continues now.
Bursting with all of the suspense and intrigue of a fast-paced adventure book, here are Johanson’s active accounts of the outstanding discovery of Lucy.
By expounding the contentious change Lucy makes within our view of human origins, Johanson provides a vibrant, behind the scenes account of this paleoanthropology background along with the vibrant, eccentric characters that were and are part of it.
Never before have the creations’ puzzle and intricacy been clearly and compellingly clarified as in this astonishing and striking book.
The Better Angels of Our Character: Why Violence Has Declined
by Steven Pinker
Believe it or not, now we might be living in a peaceful moment within our species’ existence. In his post and a controversial new job, the bestselling author Steven Pinker shows that despite the ceaseless news about war, war, and terrorism, violence has been in decline over long stretches of background.
Exploding myths concerning humanity’s inherent violence along with also the curse of modernity, this ambitious book continues Pinker’s exploration of the basis of human character, mixing history and psychology to provide a remarkable image of an increasingly educated world.
Death Without Weeping: The Violence of Everyday Life in Brazil
by Nancy Scheper Hughes
When lives are dominated by desire, what becomes of love? When attacked by daily acts of violence and premature death, what happens to trust? The place from the realms of Northeast Brazil is due to the regular experience of lack, illness, and death that centers on the lives of girls and kids of a hillside favela.
Bringing her readers into the impoverished slopes over the modern plantation town of Bom Jesus de Mata, where she’s worked off and on for 25 decades, Nancy Scheper Hughes follows three generations of shantytown girls as they struggle to live through hard labor, adorable, and triage.
It’s a narrative of class relations educated in the most elementary level of bodies, emotions, wants, and requirements. Most upsetting and contentious is her finding that mother love, as conventionally understood, is something of a bourgeois dream, a luxury for people who can reasonably anticipate, since these girls can’t, that their babies will live.
The Power of Myth
by Joseph Campbell, Bill Moyers
The Power Of Myth launched an extraordinary resurgence of interest in Joseph Campbell and his work. A preeminent scholar, author, and instructor, he’s profoundly affected millions of individuals. To him, mythology has been the tune of the world, the songs of the spheres.
Together with Bill Moyers, one of America’s most prominent journalists, as his thoughtful and engaging freshman, ” The Power Of Myth touches on topics from modern marriage to virgin births, from Jesus to John Lennon, offering a fantastic mixture of intellect and humor.
Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology
by David Graeber
Everywhere anarchism is on the upswing as a political doctrine anywhere, that is, except the academy. Anarchists repeatedly appeal to anthropologists for thoughts about how society may be reorganized to a more egalitarian, less alienating basis. Anthropologists, terrified of being accused of romanticism, respond to silence… However, what if they did not?
This pamphlet ponders what that reaction is and investigates the consequences of linking anthropology into anarchism. Here, D.Graeber invites viewers to envision this subject that now only exists in the domain of potential: anarchist anthropology.
In Search of Respect
by Philippe Bourgois
Philippe Bourgois’s ethnographic analysis of societal marginalization in inner city America won critical acclaim when it was first published in 1995.
For the first time, an anthropologist managed to acquire the confidence and long term friendship of street level drug retailers in a few of the roughest ghetto areas of East Harlem.
This new edition provides a prologue describing the significant dynamics which have changed life on the streets of East Harlem in the seven decades since the first variant.
In a new epilogue, Bourgois brings up to date the tales of these individuals Primo, Caesar, Luis, Tony, Candy that readers come to understand within this remarkable window on the world of their inner city drug trade.
Philippe Bourgois is currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology, History, and Social Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco.
He’s conducted fieldwork in Central America on ethnicity and social unrest and is the author of Ethnicity at Work: Divided Labor on a Central American Banana Plantation (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989).
The Hero With a Thousand Faces
by Joseph Campbell
The very popular work to unite both the spiritual and psychological insights of modern psychoanalysis with the archetypes of world mythology makes a roadmap for navigating the frustrating path of modern life.
Assessing epic myths in the light of contemporary psychology considers the patterns and phases of mythology and its relevance to our lives now and into the life of any individual looking for a completely accomplished presence.
According to Campbell, myth is that the projection of a civilization’s dreams on a massive display; Campbell’s novel, such as Star Wars, the movie it helped inspire, is an exploration of those big picture minutes from the point that’s our planet. It’s a must have source for both seasoned students of the explorer, only starting to approach myth as a source of understanding.
The Spirit Catches You and You Fall
by Anne Fadiman
Lia Lee was created in 1982 into a family of recent Hmong immigrants and soon developed symptoms of epilepsy. From 1988 she lived at home but was brain dead after a tragic cycle of misunderstanding, over medication, and culture clash: What the doctors viewed as clinical efficiency the Hmong viewed as frosty arrogance.
The Spirit Catches You and You Fall is a tragedy of Shakespearean dimensions, written with the deepest of human perception. Sherwin Nuland said of the account, There are no villains in Fadiman’s tale, just because there aren’t any heroes. People are presented as she watched them in their humility and their frailty and their nobility.
Debt: The First 5,000 Years
by D. Graeber
Before there was money, there was debt.
Every economics textbook states exactly the same thing: Money has been devised to substitute onerous and complex barter systems to ease, ancient people from needing to haul their products to market. The problem with this version of history? There is not a shred of proof to support it.
This anthropologist D. Graeber introduces a stunning change of traditional wisdom. He reveals that for over 5,000 decades, because of the beginnings of their first agrarian empires, people have used fancy credit systems to purchase and sell products that is, long before the creation of coins or money. In this age, Graeber asserts that we first experience a society split into creditors and debtors.
Graeber demonstrates that disagreements regarding debt and debt forgiveness happen to be in the middle of political disagreements from Italy to China and sparking countless insurrections.
He brilliantly demonstrates the terminology of the early functions of law and faith (words such as guilt, sin, and salvation) derive in large part from early debates regarding debt and form even our most fundamental notions of right and wrong. We’re fighting these conflicts today without understanding them.
Debt: The First 5,000 Years is an intriguing chronicle of the little history and how it’s described the history of humanity, and what it implies to your credit crisis of the current day and also the future of our market
Homo Deus: A History of Tomorrow
by Yuval Noah Harari
The author of this critically acclaimed New York Times bestseller and global phenomenon Sapiens, returns with an equally original, compelling, and provocative book, turning his attention on humankind’s potential and our search to update humans into religions.
Over the past century, humankind performed the impossible and rein in famine, plague, and war. However, this might appear difficult to take as Harari describes in his signature style comprehensive, yet intriguing famine, war, and plague have been changed from incomprehensible and uncontrollable forces of nature into manageable struggles.
More people die from ingesting a lot from eating too small; more people die from old age than from infectious diseases. More people commit suicide than are murdered by terrorists, soldiers, and terrorists assemble. The typical American is a million times more likely to perish from binging at McDonald’s than from being blown up by Al Qaeda.
What then will replace famine, plague, and war near the peak of the human schedule? Since the self-made gods of earth, what destinies can we place ourselves, and which quests can we tackle?
Homo Deus investigates the projects, nightmares, and dreams, which will form the twenty first century by beating passing to making artificial life. It asks the basic questions: Where can we go from here? And how do we protect this fragile world from our destructive abilities? This is another phase of development. That can be Homo Deus.
With the identical insight and clarity that created Sapiens, a global hit, and a New York Times best seller, Harari maps outside our potential.
The Interpretation of Cultures
by Clifford Geertz
The Interpretation of Cultures, the original anthropologist of the creation, moved far beyond his field’s traditional boundaries to develop a significant new notion of culture.
This revolutionary book, winner of the 1974 Sorokin Award of the American Sociological Association, helped specify what their discipline is finally about for a whole generation of anthropologists.
Introduction to Physical Anthropology
by Robert Jurmain
Concise, well-balanced, and detailed, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, 10th Edition, introduces you to physical anthropology to understand why it’s very important to understand human development.
You will find out how people are connected with other lives, such as our early ancestors and our modern cousins, and how closely contemporary human populations are associated with one another.
Various high-quality visual diagrams, maps, artwork, photos, and other learning programs can allow you to grasp the big picture of human development.
Gods of the Upper-Air
by Charles King
At the end of the 19th century, everybody understood that people were characterized by their race and gender and were fated by arrival and biology to become more or less intelligent, capable, nurturing, or warlike.
However, one rogue researcher looked at the information and decided everyone was incorrect. Franz Boas was the first picture of a mad scientist: a wild haired immigrant with a thick German accent.
From the 1920s, he was likewise the ancestral thinker and public face of a brand new school of thought at Columbia University called cultural anthropology.
He proposed that civilizations didn’t exist on a continuum from primitive to sophisticated. Instead, each society solves the same standard problems from child rearing on the way to live well using its own set of principles, beliefs, and taboos.
Boas’s students were a few of this century’s intellectual celebrities: Margaret Mead, the outspoken area researcher whose Coming of Age in Samoa is among the most widely read works of social science fiction time.
Ruth Benedict, the great love of Mead’s lifetime, whose study formed post-Second World War Japan; Ella Deloria, the Dakota Sioux activist who maintained the customs of Native Americans of the Great Plains; and Zora Neale Hurston, whose research under Boas fed right into her now classic novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God.
Together, they mapped evaporating tribes from the Arctic to the South Pacific and researched the association between biology and behavior. Their work reshaped the way we think of men and women, normalcy and deviance, and re-created our location in a universe of cultures and value systems.
Gods of the Upper-Air is a page-turning story of revolutionary thoughts and adventurous lifestyles, a history full of scandal, love, and competition, and a genesis story of this fluid conception of individuality that define our current moment.
Cultural Anthropology: Asking Questions Regarding Humanity
by Luis Antonio Vivanco, Robert Louis Welsch
What is cultural anthropology, and is it applicable in the present world?
Robert L. Welsch and Luis A. Vivanco’s Cultural Anthropology: Asking questions regarding Humanity utilizes a question-based approach to teach students how to think anthropologically, assisting them to see cultural issues and everyday adventures as an anthropologist might.
Inspired by the frequent observation that 99% of a fantastic response is a great question, this best book on anthropology combines a question centered pedagogy with all the topics typically covered in an introductory class.
It highlights upfront exactly what anthropology understands and which issues have been in disagreement, and how the cultural perspective is pertinent to understanding societal, political, and economic dynamics within the modern world.
Cultural Anthropology: Asking questions regarding Humanity also signifies an attempt to close the gap between the realities of this subject today and conventional perspectives taught at the introductory level by attracting classic anthropological examples, instances, and investigations to bear on modern questions.
Almost Human: The Astonishing Tale of Homo Naledi and the Discovery That Changed Our Human Story
by Lee Rogers Berger, John Hawks
This first person story concerning an archaeological discovery is rewriting the narrative of human development. A narrative of defiance and decision with a controversial scientist is Lee Berger’s spin on discovering Homo Naledi, an all-new species around the individual family tree and among the best discoveries of the 21st century.
In 2013, Berger, a National Geographic Explorer in Residence, caught wind of a cache of bones at a hard to reach underground cave in South Africa.
He put a call around the world for miniature collaborators people little and daring enough to have the ability to squeeze 8-inch tunnels to achieve a sunless cave 40 feet underground.
With this group of underground astronauts, Berger created the discovery of life: countless prehistoric bones, such as whole skeletons of 15 people, all possibly two thousand decades ago.
Their features united those of famous pre-hominids such as Lucy, the renowned Australopithecus, and those more individual than anything ever before seen in ancient remains. Berger’s staff had found an all new species, and they predicted it Homo Naledi.
The cave immediately proved to be the wealthiest primitive hominid website ever found, full of consequences that shake the foundation of how we specify what makes us individual.
Did this species come before, during, or following the development of Homo sapiens on our evolutionary tree? How did the cave come to include only the remains of those people? Can they bury their dead? If this is so, they need to have had a degree of self-knowledge, such as an awareness of departure.
And those are the most characteristics used to specify what makes us individual. Did an equally innovative species occupy Earth before us? Berger doesn’t hesitate to address these questions.
Berger is a magical and enchanting figure, and a few coworkers wonder about his interpretation of the and other finds. But in these pages, this visionary and charismatic paleontologist counters their disagreements and tells his narrative: a rich and readable story about exploration, science, and exactly what it means to be human.
Language, Culture, and Society
by Zdenek Salzmann, James Stanlaw, Nobuko Adachi
Why should we examine language? How can the methods by which we communicate define our identities? And is this all shifting in the electronic world? Since 1993, several have turned into Language, Culture, and Society to answer questions such as those above due to its thorough coverage of all essential linguistic anthropology facets.
This edition carries on the heritage while covering many of those more recent pressing and fascinating challenges of the 21st century, like language and power problems, language ideology, and linguistic diasporas. Chapters on sex, race, and course also analyze how language aids create and is generated by identity.
New for this edition is updated and enhanced pedagogical features, like learning goals, updated tools for continuous learning, and a glossary.
There’s also an expanded discussion of communicating online and social media outlets and how that world changes the way we socialize. The conversation on race and ethnicity has also been enlarged to include Latin and Asian-American English vernacular.
The Unfolding of Language: An Evolutionary Tour of Mankind’s Greatest Invention
by Guy Deutscher
Language is humanity’s greatest invention except, needless to say, it was never devised. So starts linguist Guy Deutscher’s enthralling investigation of the genesis and development of speech.
When we began with basic utterances on the degree of guy throw spear, how did we wind up with complex grammars, huge vocabularies, and nuanced degrees of significance?
According to recent groundbreaking discoveries in contemporary linguistics, Deutscher reveals the elusive production forces at work in human communication, giving us new insight into how language emerges, evolves, and decays. He traces the growth of linguistic complexity in the early Me Tarzan point to these intricate.
Arguing that destruction and production in speech are intimately entwined, Deutscher demonstrates how these processes are always in operation, creating new phrases, new constructions, and new significance.
As amusing as it is erudite, The Unfolding of Language moves nimbly from early Aztec to American idiom, by the fundamental function of metaphor to the shocking victory of style that’s the Semitic verb, to tell the magnificent story and clarify that the genius behind a uniquely human faculty.
Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo
by Mary Douglas
Professor Douglas makes things that illuminate things in the doctrine of religion and the philosophy of mathematics and help to reveal to the rest of us why and how anthropology has come to be a fundamentally academic subject.
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison
by Michel Foucault
Anyone interested in the social sciences should read this book. In this excellent work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern prison have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner’s body to his soul.
Anthropology & the Colonial Encounter
by Talal Asad
We’ve been reminded by anthropologists of thoughts and ideas of the Enlightenment where the intellectual inspiration of anthropology is assumed to lie.
However, anthropology can also be suspended in an unequal power experience between the West and the Third World, which extends back to bourgeois Europe’s development. With this experience, colonialism is only one historical moment.
This experience provides the West accessibility to historical and cultural Information Regarding the societies; it’s progressively dominated.
And consequently Not Just creates a particular kind of universal comprehension, but also reinforces that the inequalities in power between the European and the non-European worlds (and derivatively, involving the Europeanized elites along with also the traditional’ masses in the Third World). – from the Introduction.
The papers in this publication analyze and record ways in which anthropological practice and thinking have been influenced by British colonialism. They approach this subject from various points of view and also at several levels. Each stands as a unique contribution to a debate that’s only starting.
How to Read Ethnography
by Paloma Gay y Blasco, Huon Wardle
The way to Read Ethnography is an invaluable guide to approaching anthropological texts. Laying bare the fundamental traditions of ethnographic writing helps pupils develop a vital comprehension of texts. It explains how to recognize and analyze the core notions to implement these ideas in other research regions.
Most importantly, it empowers students to see ethnographies anthropologically and create anthropological creativity of their own. Combining lucid explanations with choices from essential texts, this superb guide is essential reading for all those new to the topic or who need a refresher program.
by Edward T. Hall
From a renowned American anthropologist includes a proud party of individual abilities. For too long, individuals have taken their particular methods of existence for granted, ignoring the enormous, global cultural community which surrounds them.
Humankind should now embark on the challenging journey beyond civilization to discover a missing self and a feeling of perspective.
By holding a mirror up, Hall enables us to find a wonderful grasp of the unconscious culture. With concrete examples that range from James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake into the breeding habits of the bowerbird of New Guinea, Hall shows us. Beyond Culture is a novel about self-discovery; it’s a voyage most of us have to embark on if humankind is to live.
An Anthropology of Biomedicine
by Margaret Lock, Vinh Kim Nguyen
Lock and Nguyen present biomedicine in this updated and fully revised second edition of An Anthropology of Biomedicine. They explore the interplay of material bodies and history, culture, politics, and environment from an anthropological perspective. The book draws on ethnographic and historical work to challenge the idea of a universal human body.
Exploring Biological Anthropology
by Craig Stanford, John S. Allen, Susan C. Antón
Courses in Biological Anthropology. Provides a brief overview of biological anthropology, from its early foundations to the most recent innovations.
Exploring Biological Anthropology Essentials combines concise coverage with current inventions and discoveries to help students understand and get excited about the discipline today.
The authors are experts in three areas of biological anthropology, including human fossil records (Susan Anton), primate behavior (Craig Stanford), as well as human biology (John Allen).
This allows them to engage students and give them all the information they need. The Fourth Edition presents traditional physical anthropology in a Darwinian framework and covers recent discoveries to highlight the growing body of knowledge in biological Anthropology.
Anthropology and Climate Change From Actions to Transformations
by Susan A. Crate, Mark Nuttall
The first edition, Anthropology and Climate Change 2009 pioneered the study and analysis of climate change through the lens of anthropology. It covered the relationship between human cultures and their environment from prehistoric times until the present.
The second edition, which has been extensively revised, brings this material up to date. It features significant scholars from all over the globe tracing the research paths and issuing calls to action.
Crazy Like Us
by Ethan Watters
The implications of the Americanization of mental disease on non-western peoples whose ideas of sickness, wellbeing, and the self are homogenized by the globalization of western mental health categorizes are detailed in this book. I couldn’t put it down while reading it for my anthropology of medicine and health class.
Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
by Benedict Anderson
Anderson’s notion of the imagined community, which postulates imagined communities that exist as social constructs through the collective imagination of people who see themselves as members of those communities, is explained in this book. The study of the nation state, nationalism, religion and the creation of ideologies is particularly significant.
by Rebecca Wragg Sykes
Kindred is important reading not just for anyone interested in these ancient cousins of ours, but also for anyone interested in humanity. The New York Review of Books A bold and remarkable attempt to resurrect Neanderthal kin.
The Wall Street JournalIn Kindred Rebecca Wragg Sykes, a Neanderthal expert, reveals the Neanderthal ancestor you don’t yet know. She lived across large and varied areas of Eurasia and survived hundreds of thousands of years of climate change.
by Elvio Angeloni
The Annual Editions series provides easy, inexpensive access to various current articles from the most respected journals, newspapers, and magazines.
The Annual Editions series is updated regularly through continuous monitoring of more than 300 periodical sources. These articles are written by distinguished scholars, researchers, commentators, and others who write for a general audience.
- Anthropology Why It Matters by Tim Ingold
- Abu-Lughod, L., 1986, Veiled Sentiments. Honor and Poetry in a Bedouin Society. University of California Press.
- Barth, F., ed., 1969, Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. The Social Organization of Culture Difference. Waveland Press.
How To Read The Best Anthropological Books?
An anthropology major may anticipate a sizable amount of reading. College students majoring in anthropology are often required to read more than 200 pages each week for class assignments. Your chances of succeeding in pursuing an anthropology education or degree will increase with your reading proficiency.
For two reasons, new students often find reading anthropological papers and essays challenging. First, students could become lost in the abundance of ethnographic information in anthropological works. Second, anthropological writings often use theoretical language to express ideas unexpectedly.
Here are some advice and reading techniques for anthropology students.
Read proactively rather than inertly.
Questioning, criticizing, revisiting, and participating in the material you’re reading are all parts of active reading. It makes reading more complex and demands more attention, which improves comprehension of the most crucial information. Passive readers are disinterested, pay little attention to the significant concepts, don’t reread what they’ve read, and don’t inquire about it. They just want to complete the given pages. A vital component of studying anthropology is active reading.
Select a suitable time to read.
It takes focus to read books and articles in the social sciences. It’s not like you can read a book, a tale, or a news piece at your leisure when you’re mentally exhausted. Reading anthropological essays, articles, and other materials is best done while you’re feeling awake and motivated since they demand focus and attention.
Participate in reading.
Active reading is essential to the successful study of anthropology, as was previously noted. Engagement with the material is the critical component of active reading. Try to provide answers to the following questions as you read:
- What is the author’s key message they want to convey?
- Who are the participants in the dialogue or discussion, or the interlocutors?
- What is the topic of the dialogue between the author and the interlocutors?
- What thoughts or notions is the author attempting to convey?
- What research approach does the author employ? What proof is offered? What is overlooked?
- How do the reading assignment’s topics and other passages you’ve read connect to those that were covered in class lectures?
- Does the author effectively present their argument?
- Going back and forth and rereading text sections is often necessary to find the answers to these queries.
Rarely are social science papers linear.
Anthropological papers and articles seldom use a linear narrative, in contrast to books or tales organized around a single storyline.
As a result, reading anthropological books differs from reading fiction. To understand how the pieces go together, you often have to hop around and study the separate pieces.
Skimming a text enables you to rapidly create an article’s structure, pinpoint its essential elements, and create an overall concept of what the content is about. First, have a look at the title.
Then go on to the introductions, subtitles, section headings, and any offered questions. Additionally, learn the article’s publication date to aid with context development. Try to pick out the overarching concepts the piece provides as you browse.
Make sense of what you’ve read.
Read the article in-depth after you have completed scanning it and have a broad understanding of the key points, concepts, and arguments being made.
Then briefly summarize the author’s key points. Why does the author believe that their position is significant and persuasive? Do you share the author’s opinion or not? Why? Create a position statement that addresses the article’s key points and is backed up by your arguments and findings.
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